The History of Guinness Stout
Guinness is Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness at St. James's Gate in Dublin, Ireland. Guinness stout is descended from the porter style beer that originated in London in the early 18th century. Guinness is brewed in approximately 50 countries and available in over 100. Arthur Guinness started brewing ales in 1759 after he signed a 9,000 year lease for the unused brewery. Guinness was exported 10 years later. Due to wild popularity, Guinness became a public company in 1886, and was averaging sales of 1.2 million barrels a year. This was despite Guinness' refusal to offer their beer at a discount and no advertising. By 1914, Guinness was producing 2.6 barrels of beer a year, which was more than double that of its nearest competitor. In the 1930s, Guinness became the seventh largest company in the world. Guiness’ successes allowed for many generosities to employees and community, something for which the company has long been remembered. A distinctive feature of Guinness is the burnt flavor which is derived from the use of roasted unmalted barley. The identifiable thick creamy head of Guinness is the result of the beer being mixed with nitrogen when being poured. The most well-known varieties of Guiness beer are the draught and the original/extra stout.